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Top 12 Engineering Careers

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Top 12 engineering careers

What exactly is the meaning of Engineering?

Educational Background required for starting engineering career:

Top Engineering Careers:

  1. Nuclear Engineering:
  2. Petroleum Engineering:
  3. Aerospace Engineering:
  4. Marine engineer:
  5. AI – ML Engineering:
  6. Materials Engineering:
  7. Computer Engineering:
  8. Chemical Engineering:
  9. Industrial Engineering:
  10. Environmental Engineering:
  11. Electrical Engineering:
  12. Mechanical Engineering:

Top 12 engineering careers, engineering careers

Top 12 engineering careers

What exactly is the meaning of Engineering?

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Engineering is a field of science that uses the technical principles of development, design, manufacturing, production, and deployment. An engineer is a professional who applies engineering principles in his day-to-day tasks and work. They solve the problems by using the in-depth knowledge of applied science, mathematics, computer applications to develop, design, and test a variety of processes and manage the structural data. If you search for problems to solve all the time and want to keep learning new trends of technology, then an engineering career might be a perfect option to consider.

You’ll discover an in-depth overview of different careers in engineering in this article, which will help you to know which path is right for you. Here, we will cover some keynotes including top engineering careers, their ranking in terms of salary, duties one needs to perform, and market demand.

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Educational Background required for starting engineering career:

To start an engineering career, students must have advanced educational qualifications and the right degree in hand. One may need to complete a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) degree to become eligible to apply for engineering careers irrespective of their specialization or domain.

The first step to kick-start an engineering career is to qualify in the engineering entrance exams which are held across the country annually for all the engineering fields. Any candidate who has passed the 12th class from a recognized board is eligible to apply for the entrance exam.

More details on ‘Top Engineering Exams in India’ can be found at the following link:

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https://ncfeindia.org/engineering-exams-in-india/#_Toc97576532

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Top Engineering Careers:

Engineering is a very broad field with many domains and sub-domains in it. The career options remain high in this field and employment in an engineering career keeps on gradually increasing every year. Here we bring to you the top engineering careers one must look into before choosing their field and starting their career.

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1.  Nuclear Engineering:

Engineers wishing to establish a career in nuclear physics and learn more about the subject should consider a career in nuclear engineering. As the name suggests, this engineering field is purely dedicated to nuclear physics, and here the professionals design or develop nuclear equipment such as reactor cores, radiation shielding, and associated instrumentation technologies. They are responsible for direct operating or maintaining the nuclear power plants to ensure that they meet all the safety standards. Although it is one of the riskier engineering careers, it has a lot of possibilities in terms of pay and job opportunities when handled with proper measures and safety.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 2 years INR 3L – 5L
2.       Above 10 years INR 15L – 20L

National Average Salary: INR 9,75,915 per year

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2.  Petroleum Engineering:

Petroleum Engineering is the most in-demand engineering career due to the increasing demand for crude oil and natural gas around the globe. This engineering career is mainly concerned with the activities related to the production of Hydrocarbons (crude-oil and natural gas). Therefore, petroleum engineers are among the highest-paid engineers not only internationally but also in India.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 3L – 8L
2.       10 to 15 years INR 10L – 26L

 National Average Salary: INR 8,11,392 per year

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3. Aerospace Engineering:

In recent years, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has flourished intensely and with a lot of research, the need for spacecraft and aircraft has also given a boost to this engineering career. Aerospace engineering is a discipline of engineering which includes the design, development, and testing of spacecraft, aircraft, and air automobiles. Aerospace engineering is further classified into two sub-domains, aeronautical and astronautical engineering. This engineering career also offers a decent salary to an experienced engineering professional.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 7L – 8L
2.       10 to 15 years INR 10L – 20L

National Average Salary: INR 8,11,257 per year

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4.  Marine engineer:

Marine engineers are the engineering professionals who carry out the task of maintaining, designing, and developing the internal systems of ships, submarines, sailboats, aircraft carriers, and tankers. They construct the steering, propulsion, electrical, and refrigeration systems for these vessels. They collaborate in their work with the naval architects and both are dependent on each other.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 3.7L – 7.5L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 10L – 20L

National Average Salary: INR 7,86,108 per year

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5.  AI – ML Engineering:

Artificial Intelligence and machine learning is a domain of computer engineering in which the computer is built in such a manner that it can solve real-life problems and is made efficient and capable enough to interact with a human being. The AI and Machine Learning engineering fields are still in their developing stages, and more advancements are to come. But due to its demand and next-generation technologies, job opportunities in this field are infinite and the pay scale is also high. A machine learning engineer is one of the highest-paid engineers in the country and the coming years, it will surely become one of the flourished engineering fields of all time.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 7L – 10L
2.       9 to 19 years INR 25L and above

National Average Salary: INR 7,28,724 per year

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6.  Materials Engineering:

The purpose of material engineering is to develop new materials found in nature or synthesized artificially for human use. The primary duty performed in this engineering career is to study the properties of matter and apply the materials in various domains of science and engineering. This engineering branch is an interdisciplinary field and makes a hot career choice for aspirants due to its vast applications. A material engineer also deals with extracting, developing, processing, and testing different materials and minerals which are later used in making consumer and utility goods.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 5 years INR 4L – 7L
2.       10 to 20 years INR 9L – 20L

National Average Salary: INR 6,11,075 per year 

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7.  Computer Engineering:

In India, this is one of the most desired engineering careers. Aspirants in this field drew to it due to its high demand in the industry and the vast number of job opportunities it offers. An engineer who deals with computer hardware and software is a computer engineer. Computer engineers design, develop, and manipulate data. Day-to-day duties in this engineering career include code development, data processing, and software and hardware testing. Computer engineers are one of the highest-paid engineering professionals in India due to their high industry value and needed demand across every company.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 2 years INR 2.5L – 8L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 10L –  24L

National Average Salary: INR 5,95,323 per year

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8.  Chemical Engineering:

A chemical engineer combines chemistry, mathematics, and economics to transform, produce, and utilize chemical elements, energy, and materials. This engineering career is also risky as it includes the use of reactive elements in its implementation and execution. But this field remains exciting and the need to find new mixtures and elements for a sustainable life has raised the demand for chemical engineers.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 2 years INR 4L – 6.2L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 8L – 10L

National Average Salary: INR 4,82,933 per year

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9.  Industrial Engineering:

The field of industrial engineering deals with the evaluation and improvement of production processes so that costs are reduced, waste is eliminated, and efficiency is enhanced during the manufacture of consumer goods or utility goods. They are also responsible to develop production schedules, process flows, and management control systems to meet the industry goals. During their time at an industrial facility, they work hand-in-hand with staff and management officials to improve its processes and ensure a smooth production.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 3.7L – 7.5L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 10L – 19L

National Average Salary: INR 4,16,812 per year

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10.   Environmental Engineering:

This engineering career is purely based on the study of environmental science. The prime duties of an environmental engineer are to develop projects and technologies to protect the environment. Reducing air pollution, water-borne diseases, and ozone depletion are some of the tasks that need to be done by professionals. They also attempt to improve wastewater management, environmental remediation, and soil quality. They lead to monitoring industrial facilities, excavation operations, and construction work to ensure that everything complies with rules and regulations.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 2.9L – 7.5L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 8L – 12L

National Average Salary: INR 4,15,552 per year

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11.  Electrical Engineering:

This engineering sector is one of the core engineering branches. One of the most demanding branches in India, this field is always fruitful for anyone who decides to pursue it. An electrical engineer deals with the use and application of electricity, electronics, electromagnetic principles, and physics. The engineering career helps to make people’s lives more comfortable and also contributes to innovation. They design and supervise the manufacture of electrical equipment such as electric motors, radar, and navigation systems. Electrical engineers are also responsible to design the electrical systems of automobiles and aircraft.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 1.5L – 5L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 10L – 15L

National Average Salary: INR 3,73,233 per year

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12.  Mechanical Engineering:

The engineering field which is considered the mother of engineering is mechanical engineering. The revolution in engineering careers and sectors started from mechanical engineering. A mechanical engineer is responsible to design power-producing machines, such as electric generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines. They also design and modify power-using machines such as refrigeration and air-conditioning systems. An engineer also designs the parts that are used in building interiors, such as escalators and elevators. This engineering career is very important for the enhancement of new technology and trends.

Salary data (In accordance to experience):

Sr. No. Years of experience required Salary (per annum)
1.       1 to 4 years INR 2.3L – 7L
2.       10 to 12 years INR 8L – 9.8L

National Average Salary: INR 3,53,231 per year

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Engineers can think creatively, develop innovative ideas for new experiments, and are intrigued by design and development. Engineering is not only a rewarding profession, but you can also gain great experience by working in different domains while earning an impressive income. There is an infinite number of job opportunities in an engineering career that one can go for. Choosing the right path and making the best decision is just what it takes for a successful career. The article highlighted top engineering careers that one could opt for to get their dream job and build a strong career ahead.

Note: Personnel employed by the organizations listed in this article will have varying salaries and incomes depending on their work profiles, experience, academic background, location, and other factors. All current data is taken referring to the website https://www.payscale.com/

 

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